Endocrinology

Endemic goiter. Etiology, classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.

Endemic goiter. Etiology, classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment....

Lack of iodine. Endemic goiter is a disease in which the size of the thyroid gland becomes more normal due to a lack of iodine in the body. Women are sick more often than men. After all, they need more iodine for the formation of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. The need for these hormones is especially high during puberty, during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Etiology. Causes of iodine deficiency: Its insufficient content in drinking water and food (above all, of course, in the water). In Russia, such a problem arose in the middle zone (for example, in the Ryazan region, Moscow), as well as in the Caucasus, the Urals, and the Altai. Malnutrition, which rarely consumes food rich in iodine (for example, seafood). Continuous use of drugs that interfere with the normal ...
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