Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD for short) is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to certain events, that resulting in the formation of psychological trauma.
According to some researchers, intense fear can suppress a part of the brain that is responsible for helping to overcome fears. If damage occurs continuously and for a long time, at person develops PTSD.
The most common events that can be cause of this disorder include physical abuse, tortures, disasters, news of the severe disease, death of a close person, rape and other serious situations.
PTSD is formed as a response to prolonged stress and the corresponding event. In addition, if there are certain traits of neurotic problems, they can aggravate the symptoms of PTSD .
Only few people have enough experience and willpower to cope with severe stress and its consequences, so the mind of many people begins to break.
Many people fall into prolonged moments of stress and anxiety.
Post-traumatic stress can occur immediately when people experienced the difficult moment, and may stay for many years – even a lifetime.
The symptoms of PTSD.
People with PTSD have three main groups of symptoms. Firstly, they cannot control themselves, periodically experiencing the traumatic event.
These experiences can include some memories that take place without the control, nightmares, sudden movements. All these memories people are often experience like in first time, as new event. Very often, when the memories come back, a person hears or sees something that reminds him of what had happened.
Secondly, PTSD has physical symptoms, such as sleep problems, anger, strongest irritability, depression, trouble concentrating, and constant feeling of tension. In rare cases this symptoms can cause acute and dramatic episodes of fear as a result of incidents that suddenly triggered unpleasant memories.
Third, the prominent feature is a people desire to forget of PTSD – a man tries not to think about the stressful situation. He may try to avoid places, people or objects that can return the symptoms.
Increased vigilance is one of the most recognizable signs of PTSD and this is psychiatric evidence that dreams periodically provoke memories of the incident and subsequently bring person to extreme panic and anxiety.
According of psychologists observations, some people have a full or partial loss of the ability to communicate with other people, which borders on sociopathy.
Children are also often suffer from PTSD. These symptoms include night bedwetting, behavior problems, problems with concentration.